Wayanad, the green paradise is nestled among the mountains of the Western Ghats, forming the border world of the greener part of Kerala. Clean and pristine, enchanting and hypnotizing, this land is filled with history and culture. Located at a distance of 76 km. from the sea shores of Kozhikode, this verdant hill station is full of plantations, forests and wildlife
Regarding geographical location, this district stands on the southern top of the Deccan plateau and its chief glory is the majestic Western Ghats with lofty ridges and rugged terrain interspersed with dense forest, tangled jungles and deep valleys. The place also enjoys a strategic location as the leading tourist centres of South India like Ooty, Mysore, Bangalore, Coorg and Kannur are situated around this region.
Wayanad has the highest number of tribals in Kerala. More than half of the district's residents are tribals, who have their own dance styles including famous fire dance. In Thirunelly area, tribals live in the forest, and almost entirely derive their livelihood from forests. Wayanad tribals use eco-friendly artifacts made out of bamboos. The native "Adivasis" (tribals) mainly consist of various sects like Paniyas, Kurumas, Adiyars, Kurichyas, Ooralis, Kattunaikkans to name a few. They live in thatched roof, mud, bamboo and brick houses set in swampy valleys and plateaus.
Tribals have indigenous holistic herbal medicine which is getting increasing attention in recent years. The adivasis also have a legacy of arts and crafts. This includes music, dances, ornamentation and handicraft that draw inspiration from natural themes, motifs and materials. The Kurichyas of Wayanad have a martial tradition. They constituted the army of Pazhassi Raja who engaged the British forces in several battles. The descendants of those warriors are still expert archers. The skill of Kurichya archery has also been noted on occasion.